Surveillance cameras in homes, streets, and shops are no longer just a complementary device or the implementation of the conditions of competent authorities. Rather, they have become of great importance, contributing to the detection of many accused "thieves", whether with regard to "self-aggression crimes" or "thefts" and other crimes.
The importance of using surveillance cameras in society:
It is not possible to limit the benefits resulting from the use of surveillance cameras, but we will mention the most important reasons for users to buy surveillance cameras and the benefits of purchasing and using them.
Surveillance cameras are used to reduce thefts and crimes:
Surveillance cameras are used permanently with the aim of reducing all kinds of theft and combating crimes in general, by recording and photographing the cameras when they are installed in the specified place and give clear results, photos and videos of high quality, as they can easily detect the face of the thief and the perpetrator of the crime.
Monitoring the workflow process within the interests and companies and protecting workers and employees:
The employer may not be able to follow-up on his workers and employees permanently and continuously, as well as protecting workers and employees from the possibility of any danger and assault on them or on their belongings and personal property. Therefore, surveillance cameras must be placed at the entrances and exits of the company or workplace, as well as in the workers’ car parks.
Security protection in the streets and detection of outlaws:
Surveillance cameras are used in public streets for the purpose of security protection and detection of outlaws. They are also placed in traffic lights to detect and reach violators, either by identifying them or identifying them by reading the license plate numbers of used and stolen cars and reaching them with ease.
Monitoring schools and universities and the normal progress of the learning process:
As is known, surveillance cameras are of paramount importance in monitoring the educational process, monitoring schools and universities as well, revealing all violations that occur in them, and finding the perpetrator and holding him accountable.
Monitoring homes and residential buildings and protecting them from any attack:
The great benefit of surveillance cameras in this use is to protect families from any encroachment on them, especially in extreme or far from urban areas, whether they are residential buildings, residential towers, or even houses, as the presence of cameras in those places is very important and a must, in order to Monitoring all those entering and leaving residential places, detecting if there are strangers or intruders, and identifying people before allowing them to enter homes.
Monitoring shops, gold and jewelry shops:
Many shop owners install surveillance cameras at the entrances and exits of private shops and in many corners as well to detect every intruder or any aggressor, as well as jewelry and gold shops, in order to ensure the goods and products from trying to be stolen and to protect the shops from any danger threatening them.
In light of the spread of crimes, the security and police authorities are trying to reduce the possibilities of crime by increasing the expected possibilities of arrest and punishment. But having a more police force is not the only way to achieve this. Surveillance technology, such as street surveillance cameras (CCTVs) and dashboard cameras, can also deter crime by increasing the odds of detecting offenders and increasing the chance of arrest and punishment.
Using a fraction of the costs of hiring more police or security personnel, could cameras be a more cost-effective alternative in reducing crime?
During the rapid growth of surveillance cameras in recent years, many researchers have investigated whether the use of surveillance cameras reduces crime. They note that CCTV reduces crime (14 out of 15) relative to UK data. Incidentally, the UK is one of the world's most heavy users of CCTV (the number of cameras is estimated to be between 4 million and 6 million), and the number of CCTV may be high enough in order to realize their full crime-reducing potential.
Besides, it is constantly shown that the installation of surveillance cameras in car parks (previously not located in the back) leads to a significant and significant decrease in crime, while its impact on public transportation hubs, and public housing is less affected.
According to Okaz newspaper, surveillance cameras reduce crimes against unknown persons to their lowest levels, as security expert Major General Abdullah Hassan Jidawi confirmed that surveillance cameras have become an urgent need because of their impact in detecting a number of crimes and the speed of bringing down their perpetrators. A guide to reveal the ambiguity of some accidents inside homes and the behavior of workers, and in the shops, to prove an incident or know the causes of a problem that occurred, so it is an urgent necessity in every location. Jadawi explained that the surveillance cameras have contributed to reducing the crime rate at the local and international levels, and the cameras are a live witness that can be relied on around the clock in monitoring and recording all events, which facilitates the work of the security authorities in identifying the perpetrators and criminals, arresting them and bringing them to justice.
He added, "Therefore, we see the tendency of many to install surveillance cameras in their homes and important sites, so the best types must be chosen in terms of strength in terms of zoom, clarity, and lens width, and thus benefit from them. Its performance and the lack of clarity of facial features, and therefore the purpose of its installation was not achieved.”
Thus, in response to the possibility of giving up security and police in exchange for surveillance cameras, it may be more appropriate to view surveillance and police cameras as complements rather than substitutes, and to search for the perfect combination of cameras and officers that maximize crime in light of the available budget.